Reference


  • For a bibliography of reference books that I used, see the list below.

In English Language
  1. The Penang submarines : Penang and submarine operations: 1942-45 by Dennis Gunton
  2. U-Boat Ace: The Story of Wolfgang Luth by Jordan Vause
  3. Reluctant Allies: German-Japanese Naval Relations in World War II. by Yoichi Hirama, Berthold J. Sander-Nagashima, Axel Niestle, Hans-Joachim Krug
  4. U-Boat Far from Home: The Epic Voyage of U 862 to Australia and New Zealand by Stevens, David. St Leonards, NSW: Allen and Unwin, 1997
  5. Shooting the War, The Memoir and Photographs of a U-Boat Officer in World War II, by Otto Giese and James E. Wise. Jr.
  6. Hitler's Grey Wolves - U-Boats in the Indian Ocean by Lawrence Paterson
  7. The Nazi: Coming of Age in Hitler's Germany and the Voyage of the U-859 by Arthur Baudzus
  8. Yanagi: The Secret Underwater Trade between Germany and Japan 1942-1945 by Dr Mark Felton
  9. Germany's Last Mission to Japan by Joseph Scalia
  10. A Submariners' War: The Indian Ocean, 1939-45. by Michael Wilson
  11. Battleground Atlantic by Richard N. Billings, NAL Caliber, 2006 – details on Japanese submarine I-52
  12. U-Boats of the Second World War - Their Longest Voyages  -- Jak P. Mallmann-Showell
  13. Code Name Caesar - The Secret Hunt for U-Boat U864 During WW II -- Jerome Preisler & Keneth Sewell
  14. Stalin's Silver: The Sinking of the U.S.S. John Barry by U-Boat U859 -- John Beasant
     

In German Language
  1. Egbert Thomer : Unter Nippons Sonne – U843
  2. Brennecke, J.: Haie im Paradies. Der deutsche U-Boot-Krieg 1943/45 in Asiens Gewässern, 3. Auflage, Sonderausgabe, Hamburg 2002.
  3. Tischer, H.: Die Abenteuer des letzten Kapers. Hilfskreuzer Thors Reise in die Katastrophe, Großhansdorf 1983.
  4. Klaus Willmann: Das Boot U188 – Zeitzeugenbericht aus dem Zweiten Weltkrieg, Rosenheimer Verlagshaus GmbH & Co.2008
  5. Eberhard Rössler, Bernard & Graerfe Verlag 2003: - Die deutschen U-Kreuzer und Transport-U-Boote
  6. Hitlers Griff nach Asien 1: Das Dritte Reich und Niederländisch-Indien. Aufbau deutscher Marinestützpunkte. Eine Dokumentation, Band 1 – 21. Januar 2015 von Horst H. Geerken (Autor)
  7. Hitlers Griff nach Asien 2: Der Anfang vom Ende der Kolonialzeit. Deutsche Hilfe für Soekarnos Freiheitskämpfer und Indiens Subhas Chandra Bose. Eine Dokumentation, Band 2  – 4. Februar 2015 von Horst H. Geerken (Autor)
  8. Im Schatten des Fuji: Deutsche Soldaten und Seeleute in Ostasien. Heimattelegramme des Kameradschaftsdienstes der Kriegsmarine 1939 - 1945 : Handbuch und Katalog, - Axel Dörrenbach , Werner Vermehren, Heinz Priesmeier

In Italian Language
  1. Sommergibili a Singapore: 1943, l'odissea di un marinaio friulano by Achille Rastelli, Mursia 2006 – Odyssey of an Italian sailor on Italian submarine UIT-23

In Japanese Language
  1. Ishikawa, M.: Yokohama-kô Doitsu gunkan moyu. Sangeki kara yûjô e, 50-nen-me no shinjitsu, Tôkyô 1995.
  2. "Shinkai no Shisha" (Undersea Messengers) by Yoshimura Akira (several issues). Contains plenty of material on German subs visits to Penang.
  3. "Nihon Sensuikan Senshi" (Battle History of Japanese Submarines) by Kimata Jirô, Tosho Shuppansha 1993. It has two detailed chapters on uboats in Asia.

  • For reference websites, see the list below.  

In English Language
  1. http://www.uboat.net/
  2. http://www.uboataces.com/
  3. http://www.uboatarchive.net/ 

In German Language
  1. Ritterkreuzträger - Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes , http://www.das-ritterkreuz.de/
  2. Deutsches U-Boot-Museum , http://www.dubm.de/home.html
  3. U-Boot Ehrenmal Möltenort , http://www.ubootehrenmal.de
  4. Das Historische Marinearchiv , http://historisches-marinearchiv.de/
  5. Deutsche U-Boote 1935 - 1945 , http://www.u-boot-archiv.de/
  6. Chronik  des Seekrieges  1939-1945 , http://www.wlb-stuttgart.de/seekrieg/chronik.htm
  7. Deutschen U-Boote des II-Weltkrieges , http://www.kbismarck.com/u-boot/index.html 
  8. Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge , http://www.volksbund.de
  9. Die Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) , http://www.d-d-wast.de
  10. Der Deutsches Marine und Uboot forum , http://www.deutsches-marine-und-uboot-forum.de/wbb/index.php 

In Spanish Language
  1. http://www.u-historia.com/    


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  ** Zum Andenken im Gebete an Herr Horst Bedrow **


Hallo Zusammen ,

Ich habe soeben erfahren, dass Horst Bredow, www.u-boot-archiv-cuxhaven.de ,gestern, 22.02.2015, verstorben ist.

Mir fehlen die Worte.

Es wird keine Trauerfeier o.ä. geben, da er verfügt hat, dass seine Asche in Stille der See übergeben wird. Wer einmal im U-Boot-Archiv war, kann in etwa ermessen, wie viel Arbeit und Herzblut in diesem Projekt stecken, das Jahrzehnte vor Internet und digitaler Welt gestartet wurde und dessen Vielfalt kaum zu ermessen ist.

Die Teilnehmer des letzten großen Forumtreffs konnten sich z.B. persönlich davon überzeugen.
Seine Frau Annemarie hat bereits erklärt, dass sie das U-Boot-Archiv weiterführen wird.

In stillem Gedenken,

Ibrahim Ahmad



mit Horst Bredow in 2010 - Cuxhaven , Deutschland 

  • News-Artikel , Die Welt - Vom Offizier zum Museumsgründer und Pazifistenhttp://www.welt.de/regionales/hamburg/article131576152/Vom-Offizier-zum-Museumsgruender-und-Pazifisten.html
  • News-Artikel , Hamburger Abendblatt - Der ehemalige Offizier und das U-Boot-Museum in Cuxhavenhttps://www.abendblatt.de/region/article131571085/Der-ehemalige-Offizier-und-das-U-Boot-Museum-in-Cuxhaven.html
 
 

The message below is from Peter Monte , member of The Advisory board of Uboot Archive.
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""Message du 23/02/15 07:42
Objet : Sad News

Dear Friends of Horst and Annemarie Bredow and the German U-Boat Museum,

it is my sad duty to inform you on behalf of Annemarie Bredow that Horst Bredow has passed away peacefully yesterday afternoon, Sunday, 22nd of Feb 2015, in his house at Altenbruch.

There will be no funeral service and other forms of gathering, since Horst has declared his last will his ashes to be given to the sea quietly.

Annemarie has asked me to let you know that she will continue leading the "Foundation German U-Boat Museum" as chairman as disposed by Horst Bredow building on the support of the friends of the Museum and Archive. Therefore, it is firm intent to carry on with the work of the Museum and Archive.

Hence, the next joint meeting of the Executive and Advisory Board of the foundation remains on schedule for Friday, 10th of April 2015. Also, the next annual general meeting of the Association of Friends of the Tradition Archive U-Boats (FTU) will be executed as scheduled on Saturday, 11th of April 2015.

The news of the death of Horst Bredow will be spread throughout the next days via this line or by phone. The yearbook "Das Archiv" currently in print and to be distributed until early March will also mention the sad end of Horst.

On behalf of Annemarie Bredow I remain with my best regards

Peter Monte (German Navy (rtd), Cuxhaven)

German UBoat Museum Foundation
Lange Strasse 1
27478 Cuxhaven-Altenbruch - Germany
E-Mail: uboot-archiv-altenbruch@web.de
See: http://www.u-boot-archiv-cuxhaven.de for more information on his life and the history of the Archiv. ""

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In Remembrance – Arthur William Baudzus , 25 Jan 1922 – 6 August 2015

 with Arthur Baudzus in 2015 - Towrang , NSW , Australia
At 93 years and seven months he had a long life.

Arthur Baudzus served in the E-Motor room of  uboat , U-859 holding the rank of Maschinengefreiter .

Born in the East Prussian town of Lyck. He was ten when Hitler came to power and only 23 when the Nazi regime collapsed.  He grew up alongside the developing right wing movement, but managed not to get involved.When World War II began he was 18, and a member of the generation that was almost totally wiped out in the following five years of carnage.

As a young man, after an apprenticeship as an electrician, he went to work in a shipyard involved in building, and then repairing, U-boats. Ultimately, despite the draft exempt status conferred by his job, he enlisted in the Navy and volunteered for U-boats.

Assigned to U-859 as a last-minute replacement, Baudzus departed Kiel with the Type IXD/2 long-range U-boat in April 1944, bound for Penang in Japanese occupied Malaya. The voyage took six months, during which U-859 managed to evade British and American pursuit, while sinking 3 ships.

Then, less than an hour from entering port in Penang, a torpedo from the British submarine HMS Trenchant brought an abrupt end to the voyage. When U-859 was sunk September 23, 1944 near Penang in the Straits of Malacca, (Location: 05.49.254N , 100.02.466E) by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS TRENCHANT he was one of the few survivors that escaped from the boat after it had sunk to the bottom at a depth of around 164 feet.

Baudzus, and 19 others, were trapped in the sunken U-boat, had to swim up to the surface. Baudzus did so without the aid of escape gear. Some were rescued by the submarine that sank them, but Baudzus and others spent the next 24 hours floating in the Malacca Straits before being picked up by a Japanese patrol boat.

He returned to Germany from an Allied prisoner of war camp in 1946.With East Prussia lost to Poland, and "having tasted the tropical velvet air of Southeast Asia," he was soon back in Indonesia, working as a marketing manager for Siemens. When political conditions in Indonesia deteriorated in 1958, he decided to look for greener pastures. Anglicizing his first name, Artur, to Arthur, he settled in Australia, where he continued to work as a marketing manager for Siemens until his retirement. "Now," he writes, "after eight decades of activity, I find myself with time on my hands to wallow in memories, so I got myself a keyboard and started typing."

He also wrote 3 books about his WWII experiences 

  1. The Hunter and the Hunted – Fiction (1967) 
  2. U859 - Fiction (2003) 
  3. Coming of Age in Hitler's Germany and the Voyage of the U859 -  Non Fiction (2006)
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